The BCCI was established as a non-government and non-profit making service oriented organization in 1980 under the Royal Command with a traditional role of augmenting and supplementing the efforts of the Royal Government towards development of a formal private sector. However, due to a weak private sector base, lack of members voluntarism, deplorable resources in terms of human skills and budgetary fund coupled with lack of insight on management of such an institution, the Chamber remained dormant from 1985 till mid 1988.

It was again under the Royal Command that the BCCI was reinvigorated in May 1988 as a potential partner for nation building, following a Royal Audience granted to the representatives of the business community by His Majesty the Fourth King.

To achieve its cherished mission, the BCCI has on its agenda, a broad range of function services. Some of these services include representation both in the national and international forums, networking & linkages, business information services, training & other skill develop programs, membership development, business referral services and sustainable enter development services. The BCCI provides linkage between the government and the privates and works closely with all the government agencies, autonomous organizations and international organizations and donor agencies towards facilitation and promotion of trade & industrial development in the kingdom.

Towards this front, strengthening of the institutional capacity to become a better partner for the royal government for shaping enabling environment for the development of the Bhutanese private sector has been the key approach of the BCCI to respond to the ever-increasing expectations of its members and stakeholders.

The BCCI, as a development facilitator, has always endeavored towards working not in confrontation but in close collaboration with different agencies.